Smart City News:Bangkok digital twin Meet smart city goals
Open view column
By Prof. Kittikhun, Dr. Worasak Kanoknukulchai, Team Group
Bangkok is a genius city.
That one city would declare itself to be What components does a "smart city" have? The idea of smart city is to use the information obtained from the use of information and communication technology to improve the service efficiency. Driving citizens to participate in improving the quality of life in the city. And recruiting new business models
In the digital world, equipment, sensors and gateways are installed. Will collect data from various infrastructure, such as street lights, parking areas, flood levels, etc. to send data to the cloud Which will be organized according to standards For instant analysis and interpretation, which city administrators can use to get those results Come to decide on the management of infrastructure maintenance proactively Or to respond to emergency situations such as sudden floods, etc.
In short, the city is a genius. Because the use of big data In order to better manage the services of the city. For example, we can use information obtained from current traffic conditions To manage and reduce road congestion in Bangkok At consecutive times Or use current groundwater statistics to control and prevent flooding later
Therefore, the idea behind Smart Cities is to make the most of the data that can be collected. To use to make the most effective decisions
Digital twins Is a digital model of physical property such as buildings, infrastructure, to cities, which, in addition to being a 3D physical model, data is also linked via sensors, drones or the Internet for Things (IOT) continuously during use. To collect real-time insights That can be converted to work efficiency By using advanced analysis
Machine learning and artificial intelligence To bring this result back to garnish that property The original concept of digital twins was developed for industrial production systems. This concept has spread into the action of smart city development.
Digital twins technology Is a holistic approach to cross-vertical optimization Of design, management and operation of urban infrastructure The creation of a digital twin model of the city has benefits for preventative maintenance. To increasing operational efficiency And cost savings Improving services for citizens Enhancing security and stability As well as the possibility of automated design
The standard case of use is the modeling of flood risk. Energy management in many buildings Increasing renewable energy efficiency Optimization of traffic flow Stay tracking Evacuation simulation And designing the extension of the city
The cities that are currently creating digital twins are Newcastle Rotterdam, Boston, New York, Singapore, Stockholm, Helsinki, Jaipur and Urawa. That is the new capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Is the first city in the world born with a digital twin.
Why Bangkok Should have a digital twins?
Bangkok was assigned by the Thai government to be a genius city under the ASEAN Smart Cities Network last year. However, Bangkok is not yet a genius city. Because there are still air pollution by land and water along with abnormal weather conditions And the climate causes frequent flooding Also the drought Severe hot weather
What Bangkok has to hurry to do is to manage the city holistically by using the "digital twin" of Bangkok to be a large real-time data center. For analysis and feedback In proactive infrastructure improvements Or in response in time of emergency
Being a genius city The city is not smart because it is a technological advancement city. But that city is wise. Because it uses technology to improve operational efficiency In driving citizens to participate And in dealing with migration into the city Installing sensor devices The Internet for Things (IOT) is essential to helping cities achieve their goals of genius.
Factors for success
At this juncture, a "smart management" is needed to drive intelligent city initiatives. Which needs strong support from every group of Bangkokans To deal with the challenges of the digital society Coordination between various government agencies. Information sharing. Public participation And transparency
The success of the transition to Bangkok's digital society Therefore depends on Bangkok residents will choose the governor of Bangkok. Is the next person technologically talented? The following best practices should be considered by the following governors: If you want to create the success of digital transformation
- Successful intelligent city There are often rules that are open and transparent for data sharing. Which is a gigantic data relevant to all intelligent cities By local government agencies and the private sector involved Can share information freely Or just compensate the cost of data management only
- Many cities have progressed to intelligent cities Tend to invest in building both information technology systems Communication network And the infrastructure of the internet for everything By allowing users to access both the private and government sectors And avoid creating "silos" of information between various government agencies
- Successful intelligent city Often gives private investors the opportunity to invest Especially in activities that clearly create value for beneficiaries, such as investing in intelligent parking spaces, etc.
- Intelligent city infrastructure must be able to expand To be able to grow and develop Will be able to respond to future needs